Friedrich Zelnik

Friedrich Zelnik

Additional Names: Friedrich Zelcnik (Geburtsname); Frederic Zelnik (Weiterer Name)
Darsteller, Regie, Drehbuch, Produzent
*17.05.1885 Czernowitz, Österreich-Ungarn (heute Ukraine); †29.11.1950 London, England, Großbritannien

Biography

Friedrich Zelnik, born May 17, in Chernivtsi, studied law in Vienna. From 1909 on, he worked as a theatre actor in Nuremberg, Aachen, Worms, Prague and Berlin. Then, in 1914, Zelnik started his career in the film business, initially as an actor. He soon became a star and started to make his own movies. In October 1915, Zelnik set up his own production company, Berliner Film-Manukfaktur, together with Walter Behrend and Max Liebenau, to produce the films he directed himself and films by other directors he starred in. His wife Lya Mara, an actress and dancer Zelnik met in Warsaw, became the female star of his movies.

Between 1917 and 1922, Berliner Film-Manufaktur produced more than 120 films. From 1920 on Zelnik"s companies ran under several names: Zelnik-Mara-Film GmbH, Friedrich Zelnik-film GmbH, and Efzet-Film GmbH. In 1930, the Friedrich Zelnik-Film GmbH went into liquidation. In 1925, Zelnik was head of production at Deutsche Fox for six films, and in 1926 he became a board member and the art director of Defu (Deutsche Film Union AG) and Defina (Deutsche First National Pictures GmbH). Furthermore, Zelnik was the head of production at Deutsches Lichtspiel-Syndikat.


Despite his often expressed ambition that "movies have to accomplish a mission" (Urgiss, 1916), Zelnik became famous with numerous lowbrow films "that had been made as routinely and stalwartly as any popular entertainment novel" (Heinrich Fraenkel, 1956). Zelnik"s sentimental costume dramas such as "An der schönen blauen Donau" ("The Beautiful Blue Danube"), "Die Försterchristel" ("The Bohemian Dancer"), "Das Tanzende Wien" ("Dancing Vienna"), "Heut" tanzt Mariett" – all of them starring Lya Mara and various male leads in regimentals, including Harry Liedtke, Wilhelm Dieterle, and Harry Halm – always ranked among the greatest box office hits of their respective season. Neverthless, his filmic version of Gerhart Hauptmann"s "Die Weber" ("The Weaver") became popular even with "progressive" critics. To this day, this rather untypical film for Zelnik still mainly accounts for his reputation as a filmmaker.

In 1929/30, Zelnik"s adaptation of Edgar Wallace"s novel "Der rote Kreis" ("The Crimson Circle") was redubbed in London with music by Edmund Meisel. After visiting Hollywood in the middle of 1930, Zelnik without any problems adapted his operetta style to the sound film. Tellingly, his first sound film was a remake of his five-year old film "Die Försterchristel". In 1933, Zelnik went to London with Lya Mara and made "Happy", an English remake of "Es war einmal ein Musikus", the last film he did in Germany. In the following years, Zelnik worked as a director and producer. In 1938 and 1939, he finished two films in the Netherlands.

During the war, he became a British citizen and named himself Fred Zelnik. He then produced several films by other director in cooperation with British National. Again, he set up several production companies, for instance Victoria Films with Josef Janni in 1948, and then Fred Zelnik Films Ltd. Together with Raymond Stross, he founded Zelstro Films to produce the film "Hell Is Sold Out" but did not live to see its completion. Friedrich Zelnik died on November 29, 1950, in London.

Filmography

1948/1949 The Glass Mountain
Producer
 
1945 Give Me the Stars
Producer
 
1944 Heaven Is Round the Corner
Producer
 
1937 The Lilac Domino
Director
 
1934 C'etait un musicien
Director
 
1933 Es war einmal ein Musikus
Director, Producer
 
1933 Happy
Director, Producer
 
1932 Die Tänzerin von Sanssouci
Director, Producer
 
1932 Spione im Savoy-Hotel
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1932 Kaiserwalzer
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1931/1932 Ein süßes Geheimnis
Director, Producer
 
1931 Jeder fragt nach Erika
Director, Producer
 
1930/1931 Walzerparadies
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1930/1931 Die Försterchristl
Director
 
1928/1929 Der rote Kreis
Director, Producer
 
1928/1929 Mein Herz ist eine Jazzband
Director, Producer
 
1928 Mary Lou
Director, Producer
 
1927/1928 Heut' tanzt Mariett
Director
 
1927 Das tanzende Wien. An der schönen blauen Donau. 2. Teil
Director, Producer
 
1927 Die Weber
Director, Producer
 
1926/1927 Der Zigeunerbaron
Director, Producer
 
1926 Die lachende Grille
Director, Producer
 
1926 Der Veilchenfresser
Director, Producer
 
1926 An der schönen blauen Donau
Director, Producer
 
1925/1926 Die Försterchristl
Director, Producer
 
1925/1926 Die Mühle von Sanssouci
Creative supervisor
 
1925 Der Bankkrach Unter den Linden
Creative supervisor
 
1925 Frauen, die man oft nicht grüßt
Director, Producer
 
1925 Briefe, die ihn nicht erreichten
Director, Producer
 
1925 Das Geheimnis der alten Mamsell
Cast
 
1925 Die Kirschenzeit
Director, Producer
 
1924/1925 Athleten
Director, Producer
 
1924/1925 Die Venus vom Montmartre
Director, Producer
 
1924 Auf Befehl der Pompadour
Director
 
1924 Das Mädel von Capri
Director, Producer
 
1924 Die Herrin von Monbijou
Director, Producer
 
1923 Nelly, die Braut ohne Mann
Director, Producer
 
1923 Der Matrose Perugino
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1923 Die Marionetten der Fürstin
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1923 Daisy. Das Abenteuer einer Lady
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1923 Auferstehung. Katjuscha Maslowa
Director, Producer
 
1922/1923 Irene d'Or
Cast, Director, Creative supervisor, Producer
 
1922 Das Mädel aus der Hölle
Director, Producer
 
1922 Yvette, die Modeprinzessin
Director, Producer
 
1922 Die Tochter Napoleons
Director, Producer
 
1922 Se. Exellenz der Revisor
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1922 Die Männer der Sybill
Director, Producer
 
1922 Lyda Ssanin
Director, Producer
 
1922 Graf Festenberg
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1922 Erniedrigte und Beleidigte
Director, Producer
 
1922 Das Geschlecht des Grafen von Gheyn
Producer
 
1921/1922 Die Kreutzersonate
Cast, Producer
 
1921/1922 Die Geliebte des Königs
Director, Producer
 
1921 Das Mädel von Piccadilly. 2. Teil
Director, Producer
 
1921 Das Mädel von Piccadilly. 1. Teil
Director, Producer
 
1921 Das begrabene Ich
Cast, Producer
 
1921 Aus den Memoiren einer Filmschauspielerin
Director, Producer
 
1921 Der eifersüchtige Ehemann
Producer
 
1921 Trix, der Roman einer Millionärin
Director, Producer
 
1921 Tanja, die Frau an der Kette
Director, Producer
 
1921 Die Ehe der Fürstin Demidoff
Director, Producer
 
1921 Der unsichtbare Gast
Director, Producer
 
1921 Die Dame mit den Smaragden
Director, Producer
 
1921 Der Sträfling von Cayenne
Cast, Producer
 
1921 C. d. E. (Club der Entgleisten)
Cast, Producer
 
1921 Um ein Erbe
Cast, Producer
 
1920/1921 Aus den Tiefen der Großstadt
Producer
 
1920/1921 Das Medium
Producer
 
1920/1921 Monte Carlo
Cast, Producer
 
1920/1921 Miss Beryll ... die Laune eines Millionärs
Director, Producer
 
1920/1921 Die Geliebte des Grafen Varenne
Director, Producer
 
1920 Der Apachenlord
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1920 Anna Karenina
Director, Producer
 
1920 Das Gesetz der Wüste
Director, Producer
 
1920 Der Abenteurer von Paris
Cast, Producer
 
1920 Spiritismus
Director, Producer
 
1920 Kri-Kri, die Herzogin von Tarabac
Director, Producer
 
1920 Fasching
Director, Producer
 
1920 Die Erlebnisse der berühmten Tänzerin Fanny Elßler
Director, Producer
 
1920 Der gelbe Diplomat
Cast, Producer
 
1920 Yoshiwara, die Liebesstadt der Japaner
Producer
 
1920 Tod im Nacken
Producer
 
1920 Die Prinzessin vom Nil
Producer
 
1920 Der Mann mit den drei Frauen
Cast, Producer
 
1920 Die sieben Todsünden
Director
 
1919/1920 Der indische Tod
Producer
 
1919/1920 Das Grauen
Cast, Producer
 
1919/1920 Eine Demimonde-Heirat
Producer
 
1919 Manon. Das hohe Lied der Liebe
Director, Producer
 
1919 Menschen, die vom Wege kamen
Producer
 
1919 Die Damen mit den Smaragden
Director, Producer
 
1919 Die Erbin des Grafen von Monte Christo
Director, Producer
 
1919 Das Fest der Rosella
Director, Producer
 
1919 Das Haus der Unschuld
Director, Producer
 
1919 Die Madonna mit den Lilien
Cast, Director, Producer
 
1919 Leichtsinn und Lebewelt
Director, Producer
 
1919 Maria Evere
Director, Producer
 
1919 Die gelbe Fratze
Cast, Producer
 
1919 Eugen Onegin
Cast, Producer
 
1919 Der goldene Klub
Producer
 
1919 Wer unter Euch ohne Sünde ist
Producer
 
1919 Die Gesunkenen
Producer
 
1919 Fidelio
Producer
 
1919 Hölle der Jungfrauen
Director, Producer
 
1919 Der rote Sarafan
Cast, Producer
 
1919 Die Nacht des Grauens
Producer
 
1919 Die Peruanerin
Producer
 
1919 Die Sühne der Martha Marx
Producer
 
1919 Lucas, Kapitel 15
Cast, Producer
 
1919 Leichtsinn und Genie
Cast, Producer
 
1919 Pogrom
Producer
 
1919 Menschen in Ketten
Cast, Producer
 
1919 Not und Verbrechen
Producer
 
1919 Im Dienste der Liebe
Cast, Producer
 
1919 Fliegentüten-Heinrich als Don Juan
Producer
 
1919 Die kleine Staszewska
Producer
 
1919 Eine Stunde im Paradies
Producer
 
1918/1919 Charlotte Corday
Director, Producer
 
1918/1919 Liebeswirren. Lache, Narr...
Cast, Producer
 
1918 Margarete. Die Geschichte einer Gefallenen
Director, Producer
 
1918 Wildbad Rothenburg o. T. und das Kinderheim der Genossenschaft Deutscher Bühnenangehöriger
Producer
 
1918 Das Frühlingslied
Cast, Producer
 
1918 Am anderen Ufer
Producer
 
1918 Einen Jux will er sich machen
Producer
 
1918 Der Liftjunge
Director, Producer
 
1918 Amalie - 45 Mark
Producer
 
1918 Die Serenyi
Producer
 
1918 Die beiden Zimmerherren
Producer
 
1918 Das Vermächtnis des Hauses Moore
Producer
 
1918 Wenn die Frau nicht kochen kann
Producer
 
1918 Die Verteidigerin
Director, Producer
 
1918 Nachtschatten
Director, Producer
 
1918 Das Geschlecht der Schelme. 2. Teil
Cast, Producer
 
1918 Graf Michael
Cast, Producer
 
1918 Am Scheidewege
Producer
 
1918 Eine junge Dame von Welt
Producer
 
1918 Die Nonne und der Harlekin
Cast, Producer
 
1918 Die Rothenburger
Cast, Producer
 
1918 Maximum
Cast, Producer
 
1918 Fliegentüten-Heinrich als Rentier
Producer
 
1918 Fliegentüten-Heinrichs Pech
Producer
 
1917/1918 Die Dreizehn
Producer
 
1917/1918 Gänseliesel
Director, Producer
 
1917/1918 Der Fliegentüten-Othello
Producer
 
1917/1918 Die Rose von Dschiandur
Cast, Producer
 
1917 Frau Marias Erlebnis
Producer
 
1917 Der Fliegentüten-Heinrich
Producer
 
1917 Das Glück der schönen Crescenz
Producer
 
1917 Die Gärtnerpoldi
Producer
 
1917 Die tolle Ada
Producer
 
1917 Das heilige Schweigen
Producer
 
1917 Illona Feledis Schuld (?) [T2]
Producer
 
1917 Der Kinokönig
Producer
 
1917 Weiße Nächte. Fedora
Producer
 
1917 Der Pußtakavalier
Producer
 
1917 Ihr Sohn
Cast, Producer
 
1917 Durchlaucht Hypochonder
Director, Producer
 
1917 Edelweiß
Director, Producer
 
1917 Die Gräfin von Navarra
Director, Producer
 
1917 Das große Los
Director, Producer
 
1917 Die Krone von Kerkyra. Liebe und Haß einer Königstochter
Director, Producer
 
1917 Klein Doortje
Director, Producer
 
1917 Das Doppelgesicht
Cast, Producer
 
1917 Das Geschlecht der Schelme. 1. Teil
Cast, Producer
 
1917 Halkas Gelöbnis
Producer
 
1917 Das verlorene Paradies
Producer
 
1917 Das Edelfräulein
Producer
 
1916/1917 Die Bettlerin von St. Marien
Producer
 
1916/1917 Lori & Co.
Producer
 
1916/1917 Die Rache des Avenarius
Producer
 
1916/1917 Ein Zirkusmädel
Producer
 
1916 Die Hochzeit der Cassilda Mediadores
Producer
 
1916 Der schwarze Pierrot
Producer
 
1916 Fräulein Käthe [T2]
Producer
 
1916 Fräulein Wildfang
Producer
 
1916 Konsumgenossenschaft Berlin und Umgegend, das größte Arbeiterunternehmen der Reichshauptstadt
Producer
 
1916 Die Fiebersonate
Cast, Producer
 
1916 Spiel im Spiel
Cast, Producer
 
1916 Dorian Dare
Cast, Producer
 
1916 Der Einsiedler von St. Georg
Cast, Producer
 
1916 Das goldene Friedelchen
Producer
 
1916 Jenseits der Hürde
Producer
 
1916 Am Amboß des Glücks
Cast, Producer
 
1915 Das dunkle Schloß
Cast
 
1915 Das Rätsel von Sensenheim
Cast
 
1915 Ein Gruß aus der Tiefe. Das Drama eines Fliegers
Cast, Producer
 
1915 Arme Maria
Cast
 
1915 Der eiserne Ring
Cast
 
1915 Die Schwestern
Cast
 
1915 Die büßende Magdalena
Cast
 
1915 Das Abenteuer des van Dola
Cast
 
1915 Seelen, die sich nachts begegnen
Cast
 
1915 § 14 B.G.B
Cast
 
1915 Der goldene Klub
Producer
 
1912 Europäisches Sklavenleben
Cast
 
1911 Im Glück vergessen
Cast
 
1911 Der Müller und sein Kind
Cast
 
1911 Das Glöckchen des Glücks
Cast
 
1910 Verkannt
Cast
 
1910 Das Liebesglück der Blinden
Cast
 
1910 Des Sängers Fluch
Cast
 
1910 Japanisches Opfer
Cast
 

Overview

Literature

KOBV-Suche