Kurt Gerron

Kurt Gerron

Additional Names: Kurt Gerson (Geburtsname)
Darsteller, Regie, Drehbuch
*11.05.1897 Berlin; †28.10.1944 KZ Auschwitz

Biography

Kurt Gerron - Actor and Director

Kurt Gerron was born in Berlin on May 11th 1897. After graduating from school, he served in WWI and was wounded several times. During the war, he enrolled at med school and later finished his studies with a medical degree. In 1920, Gerron decided to work professionally as an actor. He played in numerous successful theatre productions in Berlin, including the first staging of Bertolt Brecht's "Dreigroschenoper", and also became known as the star of various high-profile comedy and revue programmes, where he appeared alongside other popular stage actors like Gustaf Gründgens, Max Adalbert, Paul Morgan and Curt Bois.

Very early in his career, Gerron started to appear in movies, for instance in several films by Richard Oswald. Among his frequent screen partners were Hans Albers and – after the introduction of sound – Heinz Rühmann. At the end of the 1920s, he enjoyed great popularity as an actor of both stage and screen, and had poignant cameos in films by befriended directors like G. W. Pabst's "Die weiße Hölle von Piz Palü" and "Tagebuch einer Verlorenen".

One of his most memorable roles was the magician Kiepert in "Der Blaue Engel", and subsequently Gerron was cast in popular sound films like "Die Drei von der Tankstelle" and "Bomben auf Monte Carlo". Already in 1926, Gerron made his directorial debut with "Der Liebe Lust und Leid" and from 1931 on, he worked frequently as a director of screen comedies starring colleagues like Rühmann, Dolly Haas or his long-time partner Sigi Arno.

Gerron's "Ein toller Einfall" was also produced in a French-language version and featured a prominent cast including star Willy Fritsch and renowned comedians like Max Adalbert, Jakob Tiedtke, Leo Slezak, Paul Hörbiger, Theo Lingen, Adele Sandrock and Oskar Sima. With Hans Albers in the lead role, Gerron made the crime caper "Der weiße Dämon" and the musical comedy "Heut" kommt's drauf an". In 1933, shortly before the Nazi government took control, Gerron – who was Jewish and also politically active – immigrated to France. Via Austria he finally relocated to the Netherlands, where he made several films and oversaw the dubbing of Disney's "Snow White". De facto retiring from filmmaking, he teamed up with other immigrants and started staging plays and revue programmes.

After Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands, Gerron stayed in Amsterdam and became director of the Jewish theatre Joodsche Schouwberg, where he worked with fellow immigrants Rudolf Neson and Willi Rosen.

In 1943, Gerron was arrested and deported to the concentration camp in Westerbork. On Febuary 25th 1944, he was deported to the camp in Theresienstadt. In a gruesome attempt to deceive the world public and the Red Cross about the true horror of the death camps, the Nazis forced Gerron to oversee the production of the infamous propaganda film "Theresienstadt. Der Führer schenkt den Juden eine Stadt", which showed a totally false version of life in the ghettos.

After completion of the film, Gerron and other participants were deported to Auschwitz in October 1944. On October 28th 1944, Kurt Gerron was murdered in the gas chamber.

Filmography

1957/1958 Das gab's nur einmal
Participation
 
1944 & 1964/1965 So schön war es in Terezin
Director
 
1944 Theresienstadt. Ein Dokumentarfilm aus dem jüdischen Siedlungsgebiet
Participation, Director, Screenplay
 
1937 De drie wensen
Cast, Director
 
1937 I tre desideri
Director
 
1934/1935 Bretter, die die Welt bedeuten
Director
 
1933/1934 Incognito
Director
 
1933 Une femme au volant
Director
 
1933 Kind, ich freu' mich auf Dein Kommen
Director, Screenplay
 
1932/1933 Heut kommt's drauf an
Director
 
1932 Stupéfiants
Director
 
1932 Der weiße Dämon
Director
 
1932 Ein toller Einfall
Director
 
1931/1932 Vater geht auf Reisen
Cast
 
1931/1932 Zwei in einem Auto
Cast
 
1931/1932 Man braucht kein Geld
Cast
 
1931/1932 Es wird schon wieder besser...
Director
 
1931 Eine Nacht im Grandhotel
Cast
 
1931 Meine Frau, die Hochstaplerin
Director
 
1931 Bomben auf Monte Carlo
Cast
 
1931 Kabarett-Programm Nr. 6
Director
 
1931 Kabarett-Programm Nr. 2
Director
 
1931 Kabarett-Programm Nr. 3
Director
 
1931 Kabarett-Programm Nr. 4
Director
 
1931 Salto mortale
Cast
 
1931 Kabarett-Programm Nr. 5
Director
 
1931 Kabarett-Programm Nr. 1
Director
 
1931 Der Stumme von Portici
Director
 
1930/1931 Der Weg nach Rio
Cast
 
1930/1931 Die Marquise von Pompadour
Cast
 
1930/1931 Ihre Majestät die Liebe
Cast
 
1930 Dolly macht Karriere
Cast
 
1930 Die Drei von der Tankstelle
Cast
 
1930 Die vom Rummelplatz
Cast
 
1930 Einbrecher
Cast
 
1929/1930 The Blue Angel
Cast
 
1929/1930 Der blaue Engel
Cast
 
1929/1930 Liebe im Ring
Cast
 
1929/1930 Menschen am Sonntag
Cast
 
1929 Tagebuch einer Verlorenen
Cast
 
1929 Aufruhr im Junggesellenheim
Cast
 
1929 Die weiße Hölle vom Piz Palü
Cast
 
1928/1929 Die Flucht vor der Liebe
Cast
 
1928/1929 Wir halten fest und treu zusammen
Cast
 
1928/1929 Nachtgestalten. Nur ein Gassenmädel
Cast
 
1928 Die Regimentstochter
Cast
 
1928 Unmoral
Cast
 
1928 Die Yacht der sieben Sünden
Cast
 
1928 Vom Täter fehlt jede Spur
Cast
 
1928 Casanovas Erbe
Cast
 
1928 Polizeibericht Überfall
Cast
 
1927/1928 Heut' tanzt Mariett
Cast
 
1927/1928 Liebe und Diebe
Cast
 
1927/1928 Die Pflicht zu schweigen
Cast
 
1927/1928 Manege
Cast
 
1927 Dr. Bessels Verwandlung
Cast
 
1927 Der große Unbekannte
Cast
 
1927 Ramper, der Tiermensch
Cast
 
1927 Die weiße Spinne
Cast
 
1927 Die Dame mit dem Tigerfell
Cast
 
1927 Das tanzende Wien. An der schönen blauen Donau. 2. Teil
Cast
 
1927 Üb' immer Treu und Redlichkeit
Cast
 
1927 Feme
Cast
 
1927 Plüsch und Plümowski
Cast
 
1927 Pique-Dame. Das Geheimnis der alten Gräfin
Cast
 
1927 Ein Tag der Rosen im August ... da hat die Garde fortgemußt
Cast
 
1927 Ein schwerer Fall
Cast
 
1927 Gehetzte Frauen
Cast
 
1927 Glanz und Elend der Kurtisanen
Cast
 
1927 Sein größter Bluff
Cast
 
1927 Einbruch
Cast
 
1927 Benno Stehkragen
Cast
 
1927 Gefährdete Mädchen
Cast
 
1927 Wer wirft den ersten Stein?
Cast
 
1926/1927 Die schönsten Beine von Berlin
Cast
 
1926/1927 Mädchenhandel
Cast
 
1926/1927 Die Tragödie eines Verlorenen
Cast
 
1926/1927 Eine tolle Nacht
Cast
 
1926 Die Kleine und ihr Kavalier
Cast
 
1926 Der Liebe Lust und Leid
Cast, Director
 
1926 Der Soldat der Marie
Cast
 
1926 Im weißen Rößl
Cast
 
1926 Annemarie und ihr Ulan
Cast
 
1926 Die drei Mannequins (Die drei Probiermamsells)
Cast
 
1926 Wien - Berlin
Cast
 
1925/1926 Der goldene Schmetterling
Cast
 
1925 Vorderhaus und Hinterhaus
Cast
 
1925 Halbseide
Cast
 
1925 Varieté
Cast
 
1925 O alte Burschenherrlichkeit
Cast
 
1924 Die Schmiede
Cast
 
1921/1922 Scheine des Todes
Cast
 
1921/1922 Frau Sünde
Cast
 
1921 Der Held des Tages
Cast
 
1921 Im Strudel der Großstadt
Director
 
1921 Wege des Lasters
Cast
 
1920/1921 Die Apotheke des Teufels
Cast
 
1920 Die Präriediva
Cast
 
1920 Spuk auf Schloß Kitay
Cast
 
1920 Hutsalon Riedländer
Cast
 
1913/1914 Fräulein Puppe - meine Frau
Cast
 

Overview

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