Otto Gebühr

Otto Gebühr

Darsteller, Regie, Produzent
*29.05.1877 Kettwig; †13.03.1954 Wiesbaden

Biography

Otto Gebühr was born in Kettwig (Ruhr) on May 29, 1877, as the son of the merchant Otto Gebühr and his wife Fanny Mathilde Moll. After his father had died, Gebühr and his brother grew up in Cologne, where their mother worked at first as a sewer. Later, she ran a boardinghouse for female students of the music conservatory.

From 1883, he attended the ‘Bürgerschule Friesenstraße’; from 1887 the ‘Realgymnasium’, and from 1890 the ‘Friedrich-Wilhelm-Gymnasium‘. After completing his mercantile apprenticeship in the Cologne-based wool wholesale firm M. Michels & Co. in 1896, he worked as a correspondence clerk in Berlin. At the same time, he attended acting classses for six months.

Before Hans Gregor engaged him at the Stadttheater Görlitz in the winter of 1897, Gebühr joined a traveling theater company with which he toured through Saxony , Thuringia, and Hesse.

From 1898 until 1908, he was a member of the ensemble of the Königliches Hoftheater Dresden, where he also performed as a singer and lute player. Gebühr repeatedly toured the country with a repertoire of folk songs and songs composed by Schubert and Brahms.

In the summer of 1907, he made his Berlin acting debut at the Kleines Theater. In 1909, he spent four months in New York, where he performed at the Irving Palace Theater. In the same year, he got engaged by the Lessingtheater in Berlin. In 1912, Gebühr joined the ensemble of the Theater Königgrätzer Straße, where he stayed until 1914.

In 1914, Gebühr joined the 3rd Field Artillery Regiment as a volunteer and rose through the ranks to become lieutenant. From 1917 until 1919 he worked at the Deutsches Theater in Berlin, where he starred in Hermann Bahr’s "Das Konzert", Ibsen’s "Nora", the operetta "Die Königin der Luft", as well as in Max Reinhardt"s production of Shakespeare"s "The Merchant of Venice".

During these years, Gebühr also started to work in the film business. After some rather unsatisfying jobs as an extra in 1912/1913, Gebühr made his screen debut in 1917 with the Messter production "Der Richter": "… he plays the sparkling character role of a shabby seducer" (Der Film, 11/24/1917).

After Paul Wegener had introduced him to Carl Boese, Gebühr starred as Friedrich II. (1712-86) in Boese"s "Die Tänzerin Barberina". His unmistakabe likeness to Adolph von Menzel"s portrait of Friedrich in his painting "Flötenkonzert in Sanssouci" (1852) predestined him to revive the role in the four-part series "Fridericus Rex" (1920-23) as well as in the following Prussia movies, which in the beginning used to promote national ideas. After 1933, however, they eventually linked Prussia and its kings to National Socialism.

The role of Blücher, as portrayed by Gebühr in Grune"s "Waterloo" (1928), was also reminiscent of Fridericus, as was the character of the King of Saxony in Liebeneiner"s "Bismarck" (1940).

In addition, Gebühr repeatedly portrayed sailors, e.g. in "Schiffe und Menschen" (1920), "Neuland" (1923/24), "In Treue stark" (1926), and in "Scapa Flow" (1929/30).


Rarely did he get the chance to play multidimensional characters such as Gobseck in the film adaption of Balzack’s novella of the same name. In Berthold Viertel"s "Die Perücke" (1924) he starred in a double role as a dressmaker and a prince. With his supporting roles in the sound films "Casanova heiratet" (1939) and "Viel Lärm um Nixi" (1941), Gebühr was able to demonstrate his comedic abilities.

In 1947, he returned to the theater. At the Berliner Komödie he starred alongside Lil Dagover in Čechovs "The Cherry Orchard". During the 1950s, he gave guest performances and played small roles in sentimental films with regional background - usually grumpy fellow or jovial misfits.

In 1910, Gebühr married Cornelia Bertha Julius. His daughter Hilde (born in 1912) as well as Michael - his son from the second marriage (1941-1950) to Doris Krüger - took up the profession of their father.

Otto Gebühr, who spent his last years in Berlin-Zehlendorf, died of a heart attack in Wiesbaden on March 13, 1954, shortly before he could finish his last movie "Rosen-Resli".

Filmography

1954 Der Mann meines Lebens
Cast
 
1954 Rosen-Resli
Cast
 
1953/1956 Meines Vaters Pferde [Einteilige Fassung]
Cast
 
1953/1954 Die Gefangene des Maharadscha
Cast
 
1953/1954 Sauerbruch - Das war mein Leben
Cast
 
1953/1954 Meines Vaters Pferde. 2. Teil: Seine dritte Frau
Cast
 
1953-1954/1962 Die blonde Frau des Maharadscha
Cast
 
1953 Sterne über Colombo
Cast
 
1953 Rote Rosen, rote Lippen, roter Wein
Cast
 
1953 Straßenserenade
Cast
 
1953 Vati macht Dummheiten
Cast
 
1952/1953 Hab' Sonne im Herzen
Cast
 
1952/1953 Die blaue Stunde
Cast
 
1952 Wenn abends die Heide träumt
Cast
 
1952 Fritz und Friederike
Cast
 
1952 Tausend rote Rosen blühn
Cast
 
1952 Oh, du lieber Fridolin
Cast
 
1952 Mein Herz darfst Du nicht fragen
Cast
 
1951 Wenn die Abendglocken läuten
Cast
 
1951 Grün ist die Heide
Cast
 
1951 Sensation in San Remo
Cast
 
1951 Stips
Cast
 
1951 Torreani
Cast
 
1950/1951 Dr. Holl
Cast
 
1950/1951 Unsterbliche Geliebte
Cast
 
1950/1951 Das ewige Spiel
Cast
 
1950 Melodie des Schicksals
Cast
 
1950 Die Lüge
Cast
 
1950 Drei Mädchen spinnen
Cast
 
1949/1950 Tobias Knopp, Abenteuer eines Junggesellen
Voice
 
1949 Der Bagnosträfling
Cast
 
1948/1949 Anonyme Briefe
Cast
 
1948 Abgrund
Cast
 
1947 Und über uns der Himmel
Cast
 
1943/1944 Der Erbförster
Cast
 
1943 Die goldene Spinne
Cast
 
1942/1943 Immensee
Cast
 
1942/1943 Wenn der junge Wein blüht
Cast
 
1942/1943 Fritze Bollmann wollte angeln
Cast
 
1942/1943 Wer zuletzt lacht...!
Cast
 
1941/1942 Viel Lärm um Nixi
Cast
 
1941-1943 Nacht ohne Abschied
Cast
 
1940/1941 Kopf hoch, Johannes!
Cast
 
1940-1942 Der große König
Cast
 
1940 Bismarck
Cast
 
1939/1940 Leidenschaft
Cast
 
1939/1940 Casanova heiratet
Cast
 
1939 Die barmherzige Lüge
Cast
 
1938 Frauen für Golden Hill
Cast
 
1938 Nanon
Cast
 
1936/1937 Der alte Fritz
Cast
 
1936/1937 Das schöne Fräulein Schragg
Cast
 
1936 Heiteres und Ernstes um den Großen König
Cast
 
1932/1933 Der Choral von Leuthen
Cast
 
1932 Die Tänzerin von Sanssouci
Cast
 
1930 Der Detektiv des Kaisers
Cast
 
1930 Das Flötenkonzert von Sanssouci
Cast
 
1929/1930 Scapa Flow
Cast
 
1929 Aus der Werkstatt des Filmschauspieler: Otto Gebühr
Participation, Director
 
1928/1929 Die keusche Kokotte
Cast
 
1928/1929 Waterloo
Cast
 
1927/1928 Der alte Fritz. 2. Ausklang
Cast
 
1927/1928 Der alte Fritz. 1. Friede
Cast
 
1927 Die heilige Lüge
Cast
 
1926/1927 Die Sporck'schen Jäger
Cast
 
1926 In Treue stark
Cast
 
1925/1926 Die Mühle von Sanssouci
Cast
 
1925 Die Gesunkenen
Cast
 
1925 Leidenschaft. Die Liebschaften der Hella von Gilsa
Cast
 
1925 ...und es lockt ein Ruf aus sündiger Welt
Cast
 
1925 Sein Chef
Cast, Producer
 
1925 Die eiserne Braut
Cast
 
1924/1925 Das Paradies Europas. Bild vom Schweizer Volk und seinen Bergen
Cast
 
1924 Die Perücke
Cast
 
1924 Ich hatt' einen Kameraden
Cast, Producer
 
1923/1924 Neuland oder Das glückhaft Schiff
Cast, Producer
 
1923 Jim als Hochtourist
Cast, Producer
 
1923 Wilhelm Tell
Cast
 
1923 Mutter, dein Kind ruft! Das brennende Geheimnis
Cast
 
1923 Die Vergeltung
Cast
 
1923 Gobseck
Cast
 
1923 Der Geldteufel
Cast
 
1922/1923 Schicksalswende
Cast
 
1922/1923 Sanssouci
Cast
 
1921/1922 Brennendes Meer
Cast
 
1921/1922 Heimat in Not
Cast
 
1921/1922 Vater und Sohn
Cast
 
1921/1922 Sturm und Drang
Cast
 
1921 Wie das Mädchen aus der Ackerstraße die Heimat fand. (Das Mädchen aus der Ackerstraße, 3. Teil)
Cast
 
1921 Der Gang durch die Hölle
Cast
 
1921 Der Schatten der Gaby Leed
Cast
 
1921 Der Schrecken der roten Mühle
Cast
 
1921 Der Schatz der Azteken
Cast
 
1921 Die Furcht vor dem Weibe
Cast
 
1920/1921 Loge Nr. 11
Cast
 
1920 Das Floß der Toten
Cast
 
1920 Der Golem, wie er in die Welt kam
Cast
 
1920 Whitechapel. Eine Kette von Perlen und Abenteuern
Cast
 
1920 Abend - Nacht - Morgen
Cast
 
1920 Das Wüstengrab
Cast
 
1920 Der Menschheit Anwalt. 1. Das Wunder der Zeiten
Cast
 
1920 Schiffe und Menschen
Cast
 
1919/1920 Das Mädchen aus der Ackerstraße. 1. Teil. Ein Drama aus der Großstadt
Cast
 
1919/1920 Drei Nächte
Cast
 
1919/1920 Die Tänzerin Barberina
Cast
 
1919 Der Flimmerprinz
Cast
 
1919 Verrat und Sühne
Cast
 
1919 Sündiges Blut
Cast
 
1918 Die Vase der Semirames
Cast
 
1918 Die singende Hand
Cast
 
1917 Veilchen Nr. 4
Cast
 
1917 Der Richter
Cast
 

Overview

More at filmportal

Literature

KOBV-Suche