Peter Pewas

Peter Pewas

Additional Names: Walter Emil Hermann Schulz (Geburtsname)
Darsteller, Regie, Regie-Assistenz, Drehbuch, Schnitt, Produzent
*22.03.1904 Berlin; †13.09.1984 Hamburg

Biography

Peter Pewas, born as Walter Emil Hermann Schulz on April 22, 1904, in Berlin, made an apprenticeship as a metal worker after finishing school and worked in his job in Czechoslovakia and in Austria. In 1920, he went to Weimar"s Bauhaus for nine months and studied under Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, and Laszlo Moholy-Nagy. From 1933 on, Pewas worked as a freelance commercial artist and created film posters and movie theatre adverts.

In 1932, Pewas started a documentary film project about Alexanderplatz but was arrested by the Gestapo during filming in 1934 and his footage was confiscated. Suspected of high treason, Pewas was sent to jail twice. After his release, he continued to work as a commercial artist in the movie business.

Then, Pewas started to study directing at film academy and worked as an assistant director for Wolfgang Liebeneiner"s films "Bismarck" (1940) und "Ich klage an" ("Accuse, I", 1941). In 1942, he worked for Tobis and made the short films "Eine Stunde" und "Zweiklang". In 1943, Pewas finished his first feature-length film for Terra, the heavily stylized elegiac melodrama "Der verzauberte Tag" – a film that in its aesthetics was diametrically opposed against contemporary fashion. The film was accused of "cultural Bolshevism" and eventually banned for alleged "contempt" against Germany"s lower middle class and for several nude scenes in October 1944. As a result, Pewas was not able to realize two major film projects with Gustaf Gründgens and Heinz Rühmann, respectively, and was drafted for Volkssturm, the national militia.

After the end of the war, Peter Pewas served as district mayor of Berlin-Wilmersdorf for several months before he became one of the founders of DEFA in Babelsberg. In 1947, he finished the successful sex education film "Straßenbekanntschaft" ("Street Acquaintances") that today ranks among the most influential "rubble films", for DEFA. In 1949, Pewas set up his own production company in Munich. He then finished several short films such as "Menschen-Städte-Schienen"(1949), "Herbstgedanken" (1950), and "Putzke will es wissen" (1952), as well as the feature film "Viele kamen vorbei" ("Many Passed By", 1954). Furthermore, Pewas made numerous TV commercials during the 1950s and 1960s, some of which even won awards. However, Pewas always remained an outsider to the German film industry and eventually turned to painting entirely.

In 1978, his film "Der verzauberte Tag" was rediscovered in a Berlinale retrospective of banned German films and in 1981, Berlinale honoured Pewas with a tribute. In 1984, Peter Pewas received an honorary award at the German film awards for his continued outstanding individual contributions to the German film over the years. He died on September 13, 1984, in Hamburg.

Filmography

1996 Die Sache mit der Realität. Eine Collage über den Dokumentarfilm.
Participation
 
1983 Pankow '95
Cast
 
1982 Was sein muß, muß sein
Cast
 
1971 Zement für die Society
Director, Screenplay
 
1967 Kennzeichen Luftballon
Director, Screenplay
 
1964 Indem wir dienen ...
Director, Screenplay
 
1961/1962 Vormittag eines alten Herrn
Director, Screenplay
 
1961 Beruf oder Job?
Director
 
1959 Verbrechen nach Schulschluß
Editing
 
1959 Verliebt in St. Gallen
Director, Screenplay
 
1958/1959 Gesucht wird Mörder X
Assistant director
 
1958 Er ging an meiner Seite...
Director
 
1957/1958 Verliebt in Kleider
Director, Screenplay
 
1956 Der nackte Morgen
Director, Screenplay
 
1955/1956 Viele kamen vorbei
Director
 
1955 Der Modespiegel. 2. Folge
Director, Screenplay
 
1955 Der Modespiegel. 3. Folge
Director
 
1954 Der Modespiegel. 1. Folge
Director, Screenplay
 
1952 Oh, du lieber Fridolin
Director
 
1952 Putzke will es wissen
Director, Screenplay
 
1951 Die Schuld des Dr. Homma
Co-author
 
1950 Herbstgedanken
Director, Screenplay
 
1949 Menschen - Städte - Schienen
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1947/1948 Straßenbekanntschaft
Director
 
1946 Wohin Johanna?
Director, Screenplay
 
1945 Befreite Musik
Director
 
1943/1944 Der verzauberte Tag
Voice, Director, Screenplay
 
1942 Weiße Wäsche
Assistant director
 
1942 Zweiklang. Tobis-Studiofilm
Director, Screenplay
 
1941 Ich klage an
Assistant director
 
1940/1941 Tobis-Studio Film Nr. 2: Eine Stunde
Director, Screenplay
 
1940 Bismarck
Assistant director
 
1932-1934 Alexanderplatz überrumpelt
Director
 

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