Robert Wiene

Robert Wiene

Darsteller, Regie, Drehbuch, Bauten, Schnitt, Produzent
*27.04.1873 Breslau (heute Wrocław, Polen); †17.07.1938 Paris, Frankreich

Biography

Robert Wiene, born April 27, 1873, in Breslau, studied law in Berlin and Vienna from 1894 to 1896 before he changed his subject and became a Doctor of Philosophy. In spring of 1908 he became the head of Kleines Schauspielhaus in Vienna for a short period of time and was a leaseholder in the foundation of Neue Wiener Bühne, after Kleines Schauspielhaus was closed in August. But in May 1909 he already left the management of Neue Wiener Bühne.

From 1912 on, Wiene worked in Germany and Austria as a writer and director in the film business. From 1915 on, he worked as a dramaturg and writer for Messter-Film GmbH, wrote screen plays for comedies of errors, melodramas, and other light entertainment movies. Until 1919, Wiene participated in altogether 18 Henny Porten films, and even directed three of them. Furthermore, he wrote screen plays for Deutsche Bioscop and Graf Kolowrat's Sascha-Filmindustrie in Vienna where he also worked as a director in 1919.

In 1919/20, he directed "Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari" ("The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari") for Erich Pommer's Decla-Film in Berlin. The screen play was written by Carl Mayer and Hans Janowitz, the constructions were set up by Hermann Warm, Walter Reimann, and Walter Röhrig, and the main actors were Conrad Veidt and Werner Krauß. The film about insanity, hypnosis, and murder, a classic film of the Weimar Republic cinema and one of the few "authentic" expressionist films became a big box office hit in Germany and abroad after a massive propaganda campaign ("You have to turn into Caligari").

After several more screen plays, including F. W. Murnau's "Satanas", Wiene tried to stylistically continue his "Caligari" success with "Genuine", but the film flopped. In 1922, Wiene set up the production company Lionardo-Film that produced the Dostoevsky adaptation "Raskolnikow" ("Crime and Punishment") which was followed in 1923 by the religious monumental film "I.N.R.I." ("Crown of Thorns"). In "I.N.R.I.", Wiene re-enacted the life story of Jesus Christ with a cast of stars including Henny Porten, Asta Nielsen, and Werner Krauß.

In 1924, Wiene went to Vienna where he became the artistic director of Pan-Film AG together with the writer Ludwig Nerz. Their first collaboration was "Orlacs Hände" ("The Hands of Orlac") based on the fantastic novella by Maurice Renard, with Conrad Veidt in the leading role of a genius pianist who after an accident is transplanted the hands of a murderer and starts to believe that he is also a murderer. In 1925, Wiene also finished the elaborate opera film "Der Rosenkavalier" in the Schönbrunn studios, as well as the court romance "Die Geliebte" in 1926. Then, Wiene directed "Die Frau auf der Folter" ("Scandal in Paris") and "Die große Abenteuerin" ("The Amateur Adventure"), both starring Lily Damita in the leading role, and several comedies.

His first sound film "Der Andere" ("The Other"), a remake of Max Mack's film from 1913, is a variation on the Jekyll & Hyde motif, starring Fritz Kortner in the leading role of attorney Hallers. Wiene's spy film "Taifun" was banned in Germany in 1933 and was not released before 1934 under the title "Polizeiakte 909" after several cutting restraints were met.

In spring of 1934, Wiene made one last film in Budapest, before he emigrated to England because he was prosecuted as a Jew. But in 1936 or 1937, Wiene went to France, probably because he saw an opportunity to do a remake of "Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari" with Jean Cocteau. Wiene did not direct another film until 1938 when he directed the spy film "Ultimatum" starring Erich von Stroheim. But on July 17, 1938, Wiene died in Paris shortly before the shooting was finished. The film was completed by Robert Siodmak.

Filmography

2009 Orlac reloaded
based on
 
1957/1958 Das gab's nur einmal
Participation
 
1938 Ultimatum
Director, Producer
 
1933/1934 Eine Nacht in Venedig
Director, Screenplay
 
1933/1934 Taifun
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1931 Panik in Chicago
Director
 
1930/1931 Der Liebesexpreß
Director
 
1930 Le procureur Hallers
Director
 
1930 Nuits de Venise
Director
 
1930 Der Andere
Director
 
1928 Die große Abenteuerin
Director
 
1928 Unfug der Liebe
Director
 
1928 Leontines Ehemänner
Director
 
1928 Die Frau auf der Folter
Director
 
1928 Heut' spielt der Strauß (Der Walzerkönig)
Screenplay
 
1927 Die Geliebte
Director
 
1927 Die berühmte Frau
Director
 
1926 Die Königin vom Moulin Rouge
Director
 
1925 Der Rosenkavalier
Director, Screenplay
 
1925 Der Gardeoffizier
Director
 
1924/1925 Schuhputzsalon Rolf G.m.b.H.
Screenplay
 
1924 Pension Groonen
Director
 
1924 Orlacs Hände
Director
 
1923/1924 Der Film im Film
Participation
 
1923 I.N.R.I.
Director, Screenplay, Editing
 
1923 Der Türmer von St. Stephan (Der Jude von Granada)
Director
 
1923 Der Puppenmacher von Kiang-Ning
Director, Producer
 
1923 Die Macht der Finsternis
Screenplay
 
1922/1923 Raskolnikow
Director, Screenplay, Producer
 
1922 Die höllische Macht
Director
 
1921 Das Abenteuer des Dr. Kircheisen
Screenplay
 
1921 Das Spiel mit dem Feuer
Director
 
1921 Die Rache einer Frau
Director
 
1921 Die Jungfrau von Kynast
Screenplay
 
1920 Brillanten
Screenplay
 
1920 Die Nacht der Königin Isabeau
Director, Screenplay
 
1920 Die verbotene Stadt
Screenplay
 
1920 Genuine
Director
 
1920 Das Blut der Ahnen. Eine Tragödie für den Film in einem Vorspiel und fünf Akten
Screenplay
 
1920 Die Jagd nach dem Tode
Screenplay
 
1920 Die drei Tänze der Mary Wilford
Director, Screenplay
 
1919/1920 Das Cabinet des Dr. Caligari
Director
 
1919/1920 Satanas
Creative supervisor, Screenplay
 
1919 Ein gefährliches Spiel
Director, Screenplay
 
1919 Die Spinne
Cast
 
1919 Die Hindernisehe
Director, Screenplay
 
1919 Die Welteroberer
Director
 
1919 Der verführte Heilige
Director, Screenplay
 
1919 Ihr Sport
Screenplay
 
1919 Die lebende Tote
Screenplay
 
1918 Am Tor des Lebens
Screenplay
 
1918 Auf Probe gestellt
Screenplay
 
1918 Die Dame, der Teufel und die Probiermamsell
Screenplay
 
1918 Der Mann der Tat
Screenplay
 
1918 Die Heimkehr des Odysseus
Screenplay
 
1918 Agnes Arnau und ihre drei Freier
Screenplay
 
1918 Das Geschlecht derer von Ringwall
Screenplay
 
1918 Opfer der Gesellschaft
Screenplay
 
1917/1918 Edelsteine
Screenplay
 
1917 Furcht
Director, Screenplay
 
1917 Gefangene Seele
Screenplay
 
1917 Gräfin Küchenfee
Screenplay
 
1917 Die Prinzessin von Neutralien
Screenplay
 
1917 Frank Hansens Glück
Screenplay
 
1917 Verheiratete Junggesellen
Screenplay
 
1917 Veilchen Nr. 4
Director
 
1916/1917 Die Ehe der Luise Rohrbach
Screenplay
 
1916/1917 Der Liebesbrief der Königin
Director, Screenplay
 
1916 Der wandernde Blumentopf
Director
 
1916 Die Räuberbraut
Director
 
1916 Das wandernde Licht
Director
 
1916 Das Leben ein Traum
Director, Screenplay
 
1916 Der Mann im Spiegel
Director, Screenplay
 
1916 Der Sekretär der Königin
Director, Screenplay, Production design
 
1916 Der standhafte Benjamin
Director, Screenplay
 
1916 Lehmanns Brautfahrt
Director, Screenplay
 
1916 Gelöste Ketten
Screenplay
 
1916 Feenhände
Screenplay
 
1915/1916 Der Schirm mit dem Schwan
Screenplay
 
1915/1916 Frau Eva
Director, Screenplay
 
1915 Die Konservenbraut
Director
 
1915 Der springende Hirsch oder Die Diebe von Günstersburg
Director
 
1915 Lottekens Feldzug
Screenplay
 
1915 Die büßende Magdalena
Screenplay
 
1915 Arme Maria
Screenplay
 
1914 Er rechts, sie links
Director
 
1912 Die Waffen der Jugend
Director, Screenplay